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AISI 1050 is a Standard grade Carbon Steel. It is composed of (in weight percentage) 0.48-0.55% Carbon (C), 0.60-0.90% Manganese (Mn), 0.04%(max) Phosphorus (P), 0.05%(max) Sulfur (S), and the base metal Iron (Fe). Other designations of AISI 1050 carbon steel include UNS G10500 and AISI 1050.

1050 (CF) - Strain hardened, stress relieving material typically 100 KSI yield strength.1050 Steel is a plain carbon steel containing 0.50 wt% of carbon.Embrittlement diagram. Temper embrittlement. Treatment: Specimens hardened by heating to 830oC (1525oF) for 30 min and brine quenching. Prior to isothermal embrittlement treatment, all specimens were tempered by induction heating to 650oC (1200oF) for 5 s. Curves are based on transition temperature determined by 50% fibrous fracture. Figures beside points represent the increase in transition temperatures in degrees Fahreinheit from the unembrittled condition.

Having the correct time at austenitizing temperature (e.g., belt speed in a conveyor furnace) is critical to ensure transformation as well. It should be possible to austemper 1050 steel (0.48-0.55%C, 0.60-0.90% Mn) up to a maximum section thickness of 0.125-0.150". Your part at 0.130" thick falls within this range.The Ms (martensite-start temperature) for this steel is approximately 595ºF (315ºC) - note that this is a calculated value. For a complete bainitic transformation, you typically want to hold at 25-50ºF (10-25ºC) above the Ms. Doing so should produce a part within your stated hardness range.



Formed Springs Requiring Heat Treatment
AISI - 1050 - SAE
Normal Temp 1550° - 1650° F.
Anneal Temp 1400° - 1500° F.
Hard Temp 1500° - 1550° F.
Oil Quench Rc 58

Rockwell Drawing Temp. *
AISI - 1050 - SAE
400° F 600° F 700° F 800° F 900° F 1000° F 1100° F 1200° F
Rc 52 Rc 45 Rc 39 Rc 35 Rc 31 Rc 27 Rc 22 N/A

Tensile PSI Drawing Temp. *
AISI - 1050 - SAE
400° F 600° F 700° F 800° F 900° F 1000° F 1100° F 1200° F
250,000 210,000 180,000 160,000 139,000 124,000 112,000 N/A

* The proper drawing range and time cycles should be determined by experiment calculated to develop those properties best suited for intended end usage. 



Specifications:

  AMS 5085, ASTM A29 (1050), ASTM A510 (1050), ASTM A513, ASTM A519 (1050), ASTM A576 (1050), ASTM A682 (1050), ASTM A827, ASTM A830, QQ S700 (C1050), SAE J1397 (1050), SAE J403 (1050), SAE J412 (1050), UNS G10500

Chemistry Data

Carbon

 

0.48 - 0.55

Iron

 

Balance

Manganese

 

0.6 - 0.9

Phosphorus

 

0.04 max

Sulphur

 

0.05 max

 

General Information

-

Physical Data

Density (lb / cu. in.)

 

0.283

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